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Food Substitution Chart

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Australian cuisine has been shaped by the people who settled in Australia. For the majority of Australian history, food traditions were based on the native bush foods of indigenous Australians.

British and Irish cooking came to Australia with the arrival of the settlers in the late 18th century. The 19th and 20th century immigrants from the Mediterranean and Asian culture had an influence on the Australia cuisine during this period.

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Today food eaten by Aussies shows a world-wide influence and includes organic and biodynamic, Kosher and Halal foods. British traditions are still dominant in takeaway foods as well as home cooking, with pies and fish and chips always an Aussie favourite.

Digestive Biscuits (Aussie)
Graham Crackers (USA)
These two items are fairly different, but are used in a similar way such as making crumb crusts for cheesecake.

In recipes calling for digestive biscuits, Americans and Canadians often use Graham Crackers as a substitute.

The sweeter graham crackers come in a variety of flavours like cinnamon and chocolate.

Digestive biscuits are richer, and while slightly sweet, are often eaten with cheese. They are also available coated on one side with milk or dark chocolate.

Sweet Potato
Do not substitute the New Zealand kumera for a sweet potato. It has quite a different taste. Prior to the arrival of Europeans, it was a staple of the Maori in New Zealand and is still popular throughout the Pacific region.

In the USA they grow two basic types of sweet potato.  One is commonly called a yam although it is not a true yam. It has a darker, thicker skin with vivid sweeter orange-coloured flesh inside. When cooked, it's generally moister than the normal sweet potato.

Both the Aussies and Yanks use the word zucchini for the green summer squash. If you see the word 'courgette' in a recipe, that's simply a French term for zucchini.

Australian American
Eggs, Meat & Fish
Balmain Bug small, sweet crayfish
prawns shrimp
king prawns jumbo shrimp
sausage (banger) link sausage
minced beef ground beef
mince meat ground meat
skirt steak flank steak
devon bologna
skirt steak flank steak
Fruit, Vegetables & Spices
rocket lettuce arugula (rugula, rucola)
eggplant aubergine (UK)
shallots scallions, green onions
spring onion scallion
Spanish onion onion, purple / red
coriander cilantro (Chinese parsley)
capsicum red, yellow, green bell pepper red, yellow, green
beetroot round beets
haricot beans navy beans
silverbeet chard
chickpeas garbanzos
rockmelon cantaloupe
sultanas golden raisins
paw paw papaya
stone, seed, pip pits
pips seeds
Prepared Foods
gherkin pickle
apple crumble crisps
tomato sauce ketchup or catsup
tomato puree tomato sauce
jelly (Aeroplane Jelly) gelatine desert (Jello)
conserve or jam jelly
biscuits cookies
scones biscuits
Rice Bubbles Rice Crispies
potato chips potato chips (potato crisps - UK)
chips French fries
ice blocks (Icy Poles) popsicles
Did you know . . .
Desiccated coconut is the grated, dried unsweetened meat of a mature coconut. It takes 1,000 coconuts to produce about 130kg of desiccated coconut. Thankfully we can buy packages ready to use at most grocery stores.


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